Mark 12c Notes

Mark12c (vs28-37)                          Notes

 

                                                                                         
  

28   And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another,

  
  

grammateus   = writer of the law / suzeteo = reason together, question, investigate   jointly -- (whether congenial or antagonistic)

  
  

and   seeing that He answered them well, asked Him,

  
  

eido   = conclude from observation / kalos = morally good, virtuous / An honest man?   At least enough to admit Jesus a great teacher.

  
  

"Which   commandment is the most important of all?"

  
  

Which   of God's prescriptions / injunctions is foremost, chief of all? How to   determine this?

  
  

29   Jesus answered, "The most important is 'Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the   LORD is one.

  
  

The   Lord agrees, there IS a chief command. Taken from Dt6.4&5 / 10.12 / 30.6. Our God's name is Yahweh. He is the only,   unique god.

  
  

30   And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your   soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.'

  
  

Devotion   to the true God, Yahweh -- from the center of your being, your life, your   intellect, and your energy.

  
  

31   The second is this: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'

  
  

In   Addition, another principle - Lev19.18:   devotion to the well-being of my neighbor.

  
  

There   is no other commandment greater than these."

  
  

Why are these most important?   (see Mt22.40) Comprise all God's requirements (Rom13.10 / Gal5.14).

  
  

32   And the scribe said to Him, "You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that

  
  

This   independent student commends this answer / kalos (again) = morally virtuous

  
  

He   is one, and there is no other beside Him.

  
  

"He"   -- the scribe will not pronounce His name / the 'ineffable' One has no   competitor

  
  

33   And to love Him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with   all the strength,

  
  

'understanding'   equivalent to 'mind' as Jesus said. His reply absent the 'soul' or living   being.

  
  

and   to love one's neighbor as oneself,

  
  

Q:   Who is my neighbor (Lk10.29)? / Greek plesion = close by or near (Jn4.5)

  
  

is   much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifice.

  
  

He   elaborates curiously... As Amos 5.21-24 / Micah 6.6-8. Goal of the law:   Personal moral living (not sacrementalism).

  
  

34   And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him,

  
  

Again   eido = to conclude from observation. The commendatory exchange   continues!  His response discrete. He   'had is wits about him.'

  
  

"You   are not far from the kingdom    of God."

  
  

Unlike   his sect-ish companions, this man followed the truth where it leads: the   kingdom.

  
  

And   after than no one dared to ask Him any more questions.

  
  

So   ends the testy discussion of the day. No more courage left among the   religious men.

  

 

                                   
  

35   And as Jesus taught in the temple,

  
  

Just   2 days from his trial and gruesome death, the Lord is still about His   business. What a privilege it would be to hear Him!

  
  

He   said, "How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David?

  
  

The   writers of the Law (v28), some aligned against Him, teach the Messiah of   Davidic lineage. This thing is true, yet unexplained how it harmonizes with   another certain fact:

  
  

36   David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared,

  
  

The   ancestor of the Messiah, under the influence of the Spirit, plainly states   the following...

  
  

"'The   LORD said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under   your feet.'

  
  

Quote   from Psa110.1: Yahweh grants the throne to David's sovereign / master. His   rule persists until all enemies subdued; final and ultimate victory insured.               Note1

  
  

37   David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son?"

  
  

A   seeming quandary unexplained by classic Judaism. The human (Psa80.14) AND   divine nature (Psa2.7) of the Savior correlates to His exalted rule over   humanity.                       Note2

  
  

And   the great throng heard Him gladly.

  
  

pollos   = the large, many, plenteous. Most attendees in the temple court enjoyed   hearing Jesus teach -- pleasurable audience

  

 

Note1 What Powerful Prophecy is Psa110:1! Quoted for us in the NT four times. Here, by Jesus Himself; by Peter in Acts2.34; and the Hebrew writer in 1.13 and 10.12&13. The unmistakable conclusion: Jesus does fulfill this text; He is the King who now rules until all His foes are vanquished. See also 1Cor15.25 & 1Pet3.22.

 

Note2 Of the 108 occurrences of the phrase "son of man" in the OT, 93 are to be found in the book of Ezekiel. The LORD God continually orders the prophet, "Human, (do what I say)!" This phrase certainly emphasizes Jesus' humanity in the NT.

 

notes by David Teel Thursday, September 11, 2014




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