Mark2b Notes

Mark2b vs 13-22                                           Notes



13 He out again beside sea


foot travel by lake near town


all crowd coming to Him


mobbed by people everywhere he went


He was teaching them


His focal service / and ours: proclaim truth


14 He passed by Levi Bar-Alphaeus


aka Matthew (Mat9:9)


a Jew named from priestly tribe


worked as a traitor / extortioner


sitting at tax booth


tax agent collects excise on commerce*


"Follow me"


Jesus wants him as learner


he rose and followed.


Why leave lucrative business? likely never able to return.   Greater appeal in Jesus.


15 He reclined at table in his house


Seems a 'going-away' party for Levi.


many publicans and sinners


Many friends -- of similar background.


reclining with Jesus & disciples


Rabbi and students invited


because many followed Him.


as well as others. An open-door party.


16 Pharisaic scribes saw


Religious men watching Jesus


him eating with sinners and publicans


Friend with unholy and traitors


said to disciples, "Why?"


Explain please, how can He do this?


17 Jesus heard it and said


answer both simple and profound:


"Well people don't need a doctor,


A healthy man doesn't bother with doctor. These 'holy' men   did not need help.


but those who are sick.


The sick seek out healing.


(Tho many who do are not helped -- 5:26).


I came to call sinners


My purpose in coming (to earth?)


iaw: I'm with those who need me.


- not righteous -- to repentance."


The cure for the 'sin-disease' is repentance: to   re-consider & change for good.


The self-right won't change -- can't be cured.



*Tax Farming in the Roman Empire

  • Roman senate accessed average of only 1% on the      provinces. Sometimes poll or head tax, but often be commercial activity in      the area.
  • Auctioned off the position of tax-collector by      region. Based on projection of yield. An enterprising investor bid for the      job, was given office and went to work. Of course, he kept whatever he      could extract above his cost as profit.
  • Fishing the lake was a taxed activity. Matthew      bought into this revenue stream from Galilee.      Jesus had the tax man and fishers together in His group!










18 John's disciples and Pharisees fasting.


tradition of 2x week fasting (Lk18:12) / abstinence from   food for spiritual purpose


People came and said to Him,


observers compare this Rabbi to others / what standard of   measure do they use?


"Why do John's and Pharisees' disciples fast,


learners unto the denominations of Judaism -- stressing   repentance or holiness


but yours do not fast?"


we don't observe them doing as accustomed / binding fast   days suits human tradition.


19 Jesus said, "Can the wedding guests fast


Another wedding parable: Preparations are made for great   ocassion


while the bridegroom is with them?


In fact, it is the guests' duty to cause the bride and   groom to rejoice.


As long as they have the bridegroom


Even if 7 day, the party is short


Q: who is this groom?


they cannot fast.


inappropriate to fast in time of feasting / once-in-life   festivity supersedes ritual


20 Days come when the bridegroom is taken away from them,


When the wedding it over, friends and guests go back to   their normal lives.


then they will fast in that day.


Fasting is useful as aid to faithfulness. We are in 'that   day.' Consider fasting.


21 No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth


Repairs made to conserve clothing


on an old garment


materials must match in age, wear, use


If he does, the patch tears away from it,


new cloth will shrink and break old fiber


the new from the old,


new & old don't mix, naturally separate


and a worse tear is made.


improper repair makes rend larger


22 And no one puts new wine


fresh from the press, un-fermented


into old wineskins.


used, stretched skins are not elastic


If he does, the wine will burst the skins -


fermenting wine expands


and the wine is destroyed,


wasting the good wine


and so are the skins.


even old skins good for old wine or water


But new wine is for fresh wineskins.


New teaching for untaught minds. Only they can expand to   contain it.



Note: Cannot expect old learners to accept new concepts -- they are stuck in their ways. See book of rabbinic traditions, written from 200BC, compiled by 200AD, Pirkei Avot 4:20.


20. Elisha the son of Avuyah would say: One who learns Torah in his childhood, what is this comparable to? To ink inscribed on fresh paper. One who learns Torah in his old age, what is this comparable to? To ink inscribed on erased paper.

Rabbi Yossei the son of Judah of Kfar HaBavli would say: One who learns Torah from youngsters, whom is he comparable to? To one who eats unripe grapes and drinks [unfermented] wine from the press. One who learns Torah from the old, whom is he comparable to? To one who eats ripened grapes and drinks aged wine.

Said Rabbi Meir: Look not at the vessel, but at what it contains. There are new vessels that are filled with old wine, and old vessels that do not even contain new wine.


notes by David Teel Sunday, February 02, 2014