Mark 10a Notes

Mark10a (vs1-12)                                      Notes



1 And He left there and went to the region of Judea and   beyond the Jordan,


The Galilean work concluded, He spends months in Samaria   & Judea.               Note1


and crowds gathered to Him again.


Enough time and influence spent to collect a large   following in these regions also.


And again, as was His custom, He taught them.


The principle tradition of Jesus: teaching - to bring   truth of heaven to earth.


2 And Pharisees came up and in order to test Him asked,


He had spoken on the subject before (Mt5.31&32). Some   of the 'Separate' sect comes again to prod and examine Him.


"Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?"


Mark's brief version admits of no cause. His answer could   be absolute or accommodated.                                   Note2


3 He answered them, "What did Moses command you?"


Jesus does not directly answer, but appeals to the law,   which they should know. Deut24.1-4


4 They said, "Moses allowed a man to write a certificate   of divorce and to send her away."


Erroneously stated here: neither a command, nor a permission.   Please read the Deut text more carefully.                    Note3


5 And Jesus said to them, "Because of your hardness of   heart he wrote you this commandment.


The law works with human weakness. This rule seeks to discourage   a less-than-ideal practice by pointing out its basic flaw.


6 But from the beginning of creation, 'God made them male   and female.'


The Lord quotes from creation account (Gen1.27). Original   ideal: 1man-4-1woman


7 'Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and   hold fast to his wife,


Purpose: to start a new family unit, stable and productive   as the 1st (Gen2.24)


8 and they shall become one flesh.'


The 2 become 1 per the divine design -- 1st  physically, then spiritually & socially.


So they are no longer two but one flesh.


This intimate connection produces an interdependent   entity, leaving independence forever behind.


9 What therefore God has joined together, let not man   separate."


Maintain & so honor what God yoked together. Divorce is   here prohibited.


10 And in the house the disciples asked Him again about   this matter.


Afterward in a private dwelling, the close followers seek   further explanation.


11 And He said to them, "Whoever divorces his wife and   marries another commits adultery against her.


Divorce is a crime against marriage. It does NOT free a   man to remarry. Remarriage is adultery against the 1st wife.               Note4


12 and if she divorces her husband and marries another,   she commits adultery."


Also for the woman. Which practice some modern women had   begun by this time.                                                             Note5



Note1 - Many scholars concur that 6 months or so pass from Mark9 to Mark10. The events recorded in Mt18 / Jn7-11 and Luke9.57-18.4 (1/3 of this gospel) come in here. We are here treated to the simple summary on how crowds gathered around Him.


Note 2 - School of Hillel -- rabbi from Babylon who was greatly influential in 1stCent. BC - allowed divorce freely, saying any discontent the man has would defile the marriage, so it should be saved by being dissolved.


School of Shammai, his disciple - took a much more strict view: that any divorce at all would ruin respect for the relationship God established to be permanent.


Note3 - This passage in Dt24 limits the man: he must have and publically state his cause, have the 'writ of excision' issued by court, present it formally to the woman, and then must honor it for life. Such deliberation should prevent flippant divorce and stop any abuse of the woman. The spirit of this ruling is to greatly discourage divorce, NOT to enhance or promote it.


In fact, the text directly states divorce in a conditional nature 4X: "When" & "IF." The actions here referred to are taken out of custom or human devise, not divine design or intention. They have the feel of "since this is what you are doing."


"Some uncleanness" is not explained nor does it need to be. Moses does not say he is approving of the practice. He simply states as fact what some men are doing.


The prohibition of v4 is against taking her back -- she who should be his own and only wife. This has the effect of forbidding the divorce in the 1st place.


Note4 - Q: Why does the Lord say a relationship AFTER divorce is AGAINST the 1st marriage? A: Divorce does NOT dissolve the union. God joined the man and woman, so they are ONE before Him for life. The bond HE creates between them persists despite all human attempts to put it away. Any subsequent remarriage is a crime against the 1st, original, and only marriage the couple will ever have.


On one condition this union MAY be lawfully broken (Mt5.32 & 19.9b). Death certainly releases both parties from marital obligation (Rom7.1-4).


Otherwise, the Lord condemns every possible case of divorce & remarriage. See Mt5.32 / 19.9 / Mk10.10,11 / Lk16.18.


Note5 -- Salome, sister of Herod the Great, divorced Costobarus. Herodias, daughter of Aristobulus, divorced Philip the Tetrarch to marry Herod.


IF the Pharisees hoped to draw Jesus into conflict with Herod -- as John Baptizer was previously -- the Lord boldly stood against his relationship with Herodias here. "She is committing adultery with you, Herod."


notes by David Teel Friday, July 11, 2014