A. The New Testament contains many references to Old Testament themes which foreshadow the church. (Heb. 9:11; 10:1)B. Old Testament prophets desired to understand those things about which they
were writing - things pertaining to the church. (I Pet. 1:10-12)
A. Isa.2:2,3 (cf. Mal.4:1,2)
- In the "last days."
- In "Jerusalem."
- The New Testament era is the "last days." (Heb. 1:1,2; Acts 2:16,17)B. Dan. 2:36-45
- Four kingdoms were prophesied - Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Grecian, Roman
- "In the days of these kings [Roman kings] shall the God of heaven set us a kingdom" (Dan. 2:44) (cf. Lk. 3:1 - this was during the reign of Tiberius Caesar)
A. The kingdom was "at hand." (Mt. 3:1,2; 4:17; 10:7)B. The disciples were taught to pray for it. (Mt. 6:9,10)C. Jesus promised to build it. (Mt. 16:18)
A. It would come during the generation in which Jesus lived. (Mk. 9:1)
B. The "power" and the "Spirit"
- The kingdom (church) was to come with "power." (Mk. 9:1)
- The power was to come with the "Spirit." (Acts 1:8)
- The Spirit came on the day of "Pentecost." (Acts 2:1-4)
- Hence, the church came on the day of Pentecost.C. The "word of the Lord" was to go forth from Jerusalem. (Isa. 2:2,3 Acts 2:5)
A. Peter said the Holy Spirit fell on some "as on us at the beginning." (Acts 11:15)B. This refers to the apostles at the beginning of the church on Pentecost.
A. Following the day of Pentecost the church was always spoken of as existing. ( Acts 2:47; 5:11; 8:1; 11:22; 13:1; 14:27)
B. The church is not something yet future to our time. People were in it in the first century A.D. (Col. 1:13; Rev. 1:9)
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