A. It was instituted by Jesus himself.
B. Paul also received instructions about this from Jesus himself (I Cor. 11:23 ff)
- Matt. 26:26-29 (see Mk. 14:22-25; Lk. 22:19,20)
- The apostles were to teach people to "observe all things" Jesus had commanded. (Matt. 28:18-20 )
A. It was to be "in the kingdom." (Matt. 26:29) (Note: The "kingdom" and the "church" are the same. Matt. 16:18,19)
B. The "holy place" in the tabernacle was a type of the church. But the "table of shewbread" within the holy place was a type of Lord's supper. (Heb. 9:1,2)
C. The communion was partaken of when the followers of Christ would "come together." (I Cor. 11:17,18,20,33,34) (cf. Acts 20:7)
A. Jesus explained to his disciples he would partake of the Lord's supper "with you." (Matt. 26:29)
B. Those who partook of the communion were Christ's "disciples." (Acts 20:7)C. Those who had been baptized were to "observe" what Jesus taught. (Matt. 28:20)D. The Lord's supper was in the assembly of the saints. (I Cor. 11:17-34)
A. Jesus said it was to be "in remembrance of me." (I Cor. 11:24,25)B. In this supper Christians "discern" the Lord's body. (I Cor. 11:29)C. This is a "communion" with Christ. I Cor. 10:16
A. Examination of the manner of partaking is necessary. (I Cor. 11:28)
B. False ideas about "examining."
C. Failing to discern the Lord's body is a sign of spiritual weakness. (I Cor. 11:30-32)
- "Closed communion" which involves men examining each other to determine their worthiness.
- Examining oneself to determine one's own worthiness. (Note: "Unworthily" is an adverb of manner [the way something is done] and does not modify one's worthiness.)
A. It was something in which early Christians were "steadfast." (Acts 2:42)
B. A New Testament pattern.
- There was a regular assembly of the saints. (Heb. 10:25 )
- This regular assembly was on the first day of the week. (I Cor. 16:2)
- The Lord's supper was in that assembly. (I Cor. 11)C. This pattern is illustrated by apostolic example. (Acts 20:7)
A. Until the Lord comes again (I Cor. 11:26)
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